In this unit we will learn to construct imperative forms with positional roots.
Lupe and Xwan play a game utilizing imperative forms of positional verbs:
Imperative forms of intransitive positional verbs take Set B person agreement marking; the corresponding imperative suffixes are -a in mid-phrase position and –oq in phrase-final position; the required TAM marker is ch- (or k-).
The imperative base is the stative positional stem, formed by adding +Vrl to the root, unless the last consonant of the positional root is either r or l in which case the suffix is +Vn.
Imperative forms of transitive positional verbs take the suffix –Vb’a after the root where V is the root vowel.
Q’oy pos. root: lying down
The drunk man is lying down.
Lie down the baby!
T’uy pos. root: sitting
We are already sitting on the bench.
Sit down! (formal)
Set down the cooking pot!
Tak’ pos. root: standing tall
The woman is standing in front of the city hall.
Stand up at once!
Set father on his feet!
K’ul pos. root: marry
We are already married.
My parents gave me away in marriage.
|Xuki'(k)||kneeling on both knees|
|Ch’uki'(k)||sitting in a squatting position|
|Xeki'(k)||hanging/dangling from a nail|
|Tani'(k)||to stop, to come to an end|
|Ch’oki'(k)||kneeling with one leg up|
Translate the following phrases into English:
- “Chojq’oyoloq,” xub’ij le qanan.
- T’akala la chuchi le ja!
- Chatt’uyula waral!
Translate the following phrases into K’iche’:
- Let them sit on the chair!
- Stand up! (you, formal)
- Let us lie in the bed!
- Let me stand up!